• Location: Western Africa, borders on Mali and Burkina Faso.
  • Capital: Niamey, serviced by a number of major airlines.
  • Population: 17.1 million (estimate 2012)
  • Government Type: Republic, former French colony, independent since August 3, 1960.
  • Area: 1,267,000 km2
  • Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, tropical in south along Niger River.
  • Elevation: Lowest point, Niger River – 200 m; highest point – 2,022 m in Central Air Mountains.
  • Natural Resources: Uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, hydrocarbons.
  • Exports: Uranium, livestock, and agricultural products.